In applied mathematics, a number is normalized when it is written in scientific notation with one nonzero decimal digit before the decimal point.
The Normalized Google Distance is a semantic similarity measure derived from the number of hits returned by the Google search engine for a given set of keywords.
In quantum mechanics, and especially quantum information theory, the purity of a normalized quantum state is a scalar defined as.
In planetary sciences, the moment of inertia factor or normalized polar moment of inertia is a dimensionless quantity that characterizes the radial distribution of mass inside a planet or satellite.
Rape culture is a sociological concept used to describe a setting in which rape is pervasive and normalized due to societal attitudes about gender and sexuality.
In thermodynamics, the reduced properties of a fluid are a set of state variables normalized by the fluid's state properties at its critical point.
Normalized compression distance is a way of measuring the similarity between two objects, be it two documents, two letters, two emails, two music scores, two languages, two programs, two pictures, two systems, two genomes, to name a few.
In filtering theory the Zakai equation is a linear stochastic partial differential equation for the un-normalized density of a hidden state.
Relative luminance follows the photometric definition of luminance, but with the values normalized to 1 or 100 for a reference white.